IELTS Study Material
Speaking
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Vocabulary

Vocabulary, as would seem obvious, is a key element of the Lexical Resource (LR) assessment criteria.

The greater the size of a candidate's vocabulary, the easier it is for them to discuss a wide range of subjects, display their attitude towards the topic and deliver their meaning with greater precision.

It should be noted, that being aware of a word, but not fully understanding how and in which context it can be correctly used, does not really qualify for inclusion in someone's vocabulary. The problem is, that if used inaccurately, or inappropriately, the meaning may be lost to the listener, and in an IELT test, this will negatively impact on the candidate's score. It is, therefore, better during the speaking test, to avoid using words that the candidate a not totally familiar with. It is better to play it safe and not risk losing marks, in an attempt to gain them!

Examiners, besides variety, are also looking for how appropriate or adequate the words used are, to the question. The level of adequacy and appropriacy will influence the band level. Candidates with a vocabulary enabling them to discuss a wide range of topics, including ones they are not familiar with, will lift them into the higher band levels.

Also, they are listening for the use of collocation, and idiomatic expression. Use of these two are elements of higher level LR band descriptors, so they are well worth spending some time studying!

Collocation:

A word or phrase that is often used with another word or phrase, in a way that sounds correct to native English speakers, who use them frequently in normal conversation.

'The habitual juxtaposition of a particular word with another word or words with a frequency greater than chance:'

Oxford Dictionaries 

The accurate and appropriate use of collocations demonstrates the writer awareness of how the language is used in reality, especially by native speakers.

Idiom:

‘A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words (e.g. over the moon, see the light).’

Oxford Dictionaries 

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Study Materials List
  • Pronunciation
    IELTS Speaking
  • Fluency
    IELTS Speaking
  • Vocabulary
    IELTS Speaking
  • Grammatical Range
    IELTS Speaking
  • Grammatical Accuracy
    IELTS Speaking
  • Task 1 Question Types
    IELTS Writing
  • Key Features
    IELTS Writing
  • Idioms
    IELTS Speaking
  • Collocation
    IELTS Writing
  • Format
    IELTS Writing
  • Paraphrasing
    IELTS Speaking
  • Introduction to the IELTS Speaking Test
    IELTS Speaking
  • Referencing & Substitution
    IELTS Writing
  • Spelling and Word Selection
    IELTS Writing
  • Key Features / Bullet Points
    IELTS Writing
  • Tone
    IELTS Writing
  • Chunking
    IELTS Writing
  • Format & Data
    IELTS Writing
  • Overview
    IELTS Writing
  • Sentence Forms
    IELTS Writing
  • Coherence
    IELTS Speaking
  • Cohesion
    IELTS Speaking
  • Answer Script Overview
    IELTS Writing
  • Factually Correct
    IELTS Writing
  • IELTS Essay Introduction
    IELTS Writing
  • Introductory Markers
    IELTS Writing
  • Task Purpose / Requirements
    IELTS Writing
  • Question Response
    IELTS Writing
  • Sequencers
    IELTS Writing
  • Errors
    IELTS Writing
  • Linking Words and Phrases
    IELTS Writing
  • Task 1 Requirements
    IELTS Writing
  • Idiom
    IELTS Writing
  • 5 Paragraph Essay
    IELTS Writing
  • Coherence
    IELTS Writing
  • Paragraphing
    IELTS Writing
  • Transition Sentences
    IELTS Writing
  • Collocation
    IELTS Speaking
  • Chunking
    IELTS Speaking
  • Introductory Frame
    IELTS Speaking
  • Demo Study Material
    IELTS
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