IELTS Study Material
Writing
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Spelling and Word Selection

In IELTS Writing Task 1 & 2, for both Academic Writing (AC) and General Training Writing (GT), one of the four assessment criteria is Lexical Resource (LR).

Under LR assessment we have already looked at collocation, idioms, and chunking. In addition to these, examiners will also be looking at the candidates spelling and word selection.

Spelling and Word Selection

Spelling

A few spelling mistakes that do not impact on the understanding of the text will not have a serious effect on the grading, although they may prevent a very high grade from being awarded. However, large numbers of spelling mistakes, particularly when they cause difficulty or strain for the reader will contribute to a lower level LR score.

Word Selection

Where an inappropriate word or wrong form of the word is used, which causes difficulty for the examiner, this will contribute towards a lower level band score. However, where these mistakes, are limited in number and do not damage communication and understanding, then it will not prevent a middle-level LR grade. Higher level grades allow for only rare instances of such errors!

Remember that IELTS Writing is a communication test. The key thing is to communicate your message to the reader, as clearly and concisely as possible!

Examples of incorrect word form:

‘Only last year the city was a danger place at night.’                                                                                 Should be ‘dangerous’.

‘There have been many example of this.’                                                                                                     Should be ‘examples’.

‘Without more investment in the business, many people will become unemployment.’                      Should be ‘unemployed’.

Examples of incorrect word choice:

‘The stocks rocketed slowly upwards.’

‘Rocketed’ is not an appropriate word to use with ‘slowly’, as it implies great speed.

The car’s break light ….’

‘break’ means to damage something. A cars ‘brake’ light is the light which comes on when the driver uses the brake to slow the vehicle.

There was many unhappiness ….’

‘many’ should be replaced by ‘much’, ‘great’ or ‘considerable’.

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Study Materials List
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  • Grammatical Range
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