IELTS Study Material
Speaking
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Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing is a key element of the IELTS Speaking Lexical Resource (LR) assessment criteria.

Although most commonly thought of as a way to use another person’s words, without directly copying them, to avoid plagiarism, or to restate another’s words for clarification, it has a slightly different purpose in the IELTS Speaking Test. Here it is used to describe a speaker’s ability to clearly express their meaning, by the use of alternative words, when they don’t know the specific word for something in English.

It is not like using pronouns, substitution or referencing, which are used to avoid repeating words or phrases. Paraphrasing in IELTS Speaking involves the use of alternative words to explain something when the speaker cannot remember or does not know the correct word or phrase to use.

It is normal, even for native speakers to use paraphrasing. What the examiner is listening for, is how effectively and smoothly the candidate uses it.

Obviously, those with large vocabularies will reduce the requirement for paraphrasing during the test. However, most candidates will need to use it at some time during the interview. It is normal, due to the stress that can be felt during the test, to struggle to remember some words.

Examiners will not penalise candidates who don’t use the appropriate word or phrase and paraphrase instead. The penalty will come if an individual demonstrates hesitation or obvious difficulty, in doing so.

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Study Materials List
  • Pronunciation
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  • Fluency
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  • Vocabulary
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  • Grammatical Range
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  • Grammatical Accuracy
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  • Task 1 Question Types
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  • Key Features
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  • Idioms
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  • Collocation
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  • Format
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  • Paraphrasing
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  • Introduction to the IELTS Speaking Test
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  • Referencing & Substitution
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  • Spelling and Word Selection
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  • Key Features / Bullet Points
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  • Tone
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  • Chunking
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  • Format & Data
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  • Overview
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  • Sentence Forms
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  • Coherence
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  • Cohesion
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  • Answer Script Overview
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  • Factually Correct
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  • IELTS Essay Introduction
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  • Introductory Markers
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  • Task Purpose / Requirements
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  • Question Response
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  • Sequencers
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  • Errors
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  • Linking Words and Phrases
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  • Task 1 Requirements
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  • Idiom
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  • 5 Paragraph Essay
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  • Coherence
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  • Paragraphing
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  • Transition Sentences
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  • Collocation
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  • Chunking
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  • Introductory Frame
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  • Demo Study Material
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